This marks a dramatic improvement on the 0.5 per cent growth seen in 2009, but is still well below the five per cent growth rates seen earlier in the decade.
However, beer consumption patterns differ widely across the globe and regional growth rates reflect this.
The Asian beer market grew by six per cent last year to reach 650 million hectolitres and now accounts for over a third of global beer consumption. Africa, on the other hand, despite making up just over five per cent of the global beer market, performed very strongly, registering an eight per cent growth in volume in 2010. Latin America also witnessed positive growth of over three per cent. In contrast, European beer volumes declined by just over one per cent in Eastern and Central Europe and by almost two per cent in Western Europe.
Volumes in North America fell by just over one per cent whilst the Australasian beer market only achieved one per cent growth.
Drilling down further into individual markets, Canadean’s latest report reveals further variations in the overall growth pattern.
China continues to be the engine of growth both in Asia and globally. 2010 saw Chinese beer consumption
increase by six per cent and now one in every four pints of beer worldwide is consumed in China.
Beer volumes in India grew by a dramatic 17 per cent in 2010 but per capita consumption remains below two litres.
Vietnam was the other star performer in Asia delivering a 15 per cent increase in volume. Brazil continued to lead the Latin American pack and posted an eight per cent volume increase.
Markets in East & Central Europe continued to struggle, with consumption in the Czech Republic declining by seven per cent and Romania and Serbia both seeing volume declines of around five per cent.
The decline in Russian beer consumption slowed to around zero per cent whilst consumption in the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) actually increased.
In Western Europe, Denmark and the UK saw the biggest volume losses with consumption falling by six per cent and four per cent respectively. Every single Western European market suffered a loss in volume in 2010 – even those markets in Southern Europe like Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece, which had previously shown growth.
On a global scale, per capita consumption remains relatively low at just 27 litres.
The Czechs remain the world’s leading beer drinkers with 135 litres per capita in 2010. However this is a long way below the 160 litre level that the Czechs registered until the current economic crisis hit in 2008. Austria, Germany and Ireland are the only other markets where beer consumption exceeds 100 litres. Despite witnessing extremely strong growth, per capita consumption of beer in India remains one of the lowest in the world at just 1.5 litres.
Looking forward, Canadean expects global beer consumption to top two billion hl by 2013. The biggest contributor to this growth will be Asia which is forecast to increase by 187 million hl between 2010 and 2016. Canadean predicts that the Chinese beer market will reach over 600 million hl by 2016, making it almost twice the size of the second-largest market, the US.
In percentage terms, Canadean forecasts Latin America to perform the strongest with a 33 per cent increase in volume from 2010 to 2016, driven mainly by Brazil which is expected to reach almost 200 million hl by 2016.
Canadean is forecasting a partial recovery in Eastern & Central Europe, although recently-announced changes in the legislative environment concerning the sale, promotion, packaging and distribution of beer in Russia may knock this off course.
The Western European beer market would appear to be in long term volume decline and Canadean is predicting the loss of a further 24 million hl by 2016 although, of course, in value terms, the market remains crucially important.
Overall per capita consumption is expected to remain below 30 litres on a global scale suggesting that there is considerable room for growth for many years to come.
For further details on Canadean’s Global Beer Trends report, please contact Debra Richards on: +44 (0) 1256 394 227 or visit www.canadean.com